What are Ankle Sprains?
An ankle sprain can occur due to injury of the ligamentous complex of the outside of the ankle.
Causes and Symptoms
Common causes include a fall on uneven surfaces, sudden twisting motion, or various sports injuries. Symptoms may include tenderness, swelling, instability and weakness. It is important to recognize that ankle sprains are different from ankle fractures but can often occur together.
Non-surgical treatment for ankle sprains includes:
- RICE therapy (rest, ice, compression, elevation)
- Ankle bracing
- Cast immobilization
- Aggressive physical therapy
- Antiinflammatory medications (NSAIDS)
Surgical treatment may be considered depending on the severity of the ankle sprain. In cases where the ligament is ruptured or severely weakened, the ligament may be repaired in order to restore ankle stability. Following surgery, it is exceedingly important to participate in a physical therapy regimen in order to regain adequate strength and range of motion within the ankle.
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